Equipped with the right applications, a computer can be of great help in virtually any domain of activity. When it comes to designing and precision, no other tool is as accurate as a computer. Moreover, specialized applications such as AutoCAD give you the possibility to design nearly anything ranging from art, to complex mechanical parts or even buildings.
Suitable for business environments and experienced users
After a decent amount of time spent installing the application on your system, you are ready to fire it up. Thanks to the office suite like interface, all of its features are cleverly organized in categories. At a first look, it looks easy enough to use, but the abundance of features it comes equipped with leaves room for second thoughts.
Create 2D and 3D objects
You can make use of basic geometrical shapes to define your objects, as well as draw custom ones. Needless to say that you can take advantage of a multitude of tools that aim to enhance precision. A grid can be enabled so that you can easily snap elements, as well as adding anchor points to fully customize shapes.
With a little imagination and patience on your behalf, nearly anything can be achieved. Available tools allow you to create 3D objects from scratch and have them fully enhanced with high-quality textures. A powerful navigation pane is put at your disposal so that you can carefully position the camera to get a clearer view of the area of interest.
Various export possibilities
Similar to a modern web browser, each project is displayed in its own tab. This comes in handy, especially for comparison views. Moreover, layouts and layers also play important roles, as it makes objects handling a little easier.
Sine the application is not the easiest to carry around, requiring a slightly sophisticated machine to properly run, there are several export options put at your disposal so that the projects itself can be moved around.
Aside from the application specific format, you can save as an image file of multiple types, PDF, FBX and a few more. Additionally, it can be sent via email, directly printed out on a sheet of paper, or even sent to a 3D printing service, if available.
To end with
All in all, AutoCAD remains one of the top applications used by professionals to achieve great precision with projects of nearly any type. It encourages usage with incredible offers for student licenses so you get acquainted with its abundance of features early on. A lot can be said about what it can and can't do, but the true surprise lies in discovering it step-by-step.
Compared to other CAD programs, such as Apple’s Corel Draw or Autodesk’s Inventor, AutoCAD Crack Mac’s most popular feature is its ability to import and export vector files in the portable Microsoft DWG format.
AutoCAD 2019 is the second major release of the latest version of AutoCAD for both Windows and Mac. It is also the first AutoCAD release to use the new DXF format for CAD files.
AutoCAD 2018 is the latest release of AutoCAD, a software application to design and create 2D and 3D drawings, in vector, print and DWG file formats.
The current release of AutoCAD is 2016.1. If you already have AutoCAD 2016 installed, the installer will automatically update your system to 2016.1 if you are running Windows 7 or later. You should also be running AutoCAD in “Design” mode, not “Create.” If you are running AutoCAD 2016 with the Create option, you should upgrade to 2016.1.
AutoCAD 2015 is the second major release of AutoCAD. Major upgrades include support for “Print Preview”, a feature that enables you to see drawings before printing. It also includes new features that make it easier to work on larger drawings and export drawings to PDF, SVG, or DXF.
Autodesk AutoCAD 2012 R2
AutoCAD 2012 R2 is a major update to AutoCAD that is included in a standard new installation. It is a free upgrade from AutoCAD 2011 for owners of AutoCAD. AutoCAD 2012 is available for Windows and Mac.
Autodesk AutoCAD 2011
AutoCAD 2011 is the latest major release of AutoCAD. It includes the new DWF Exporter and a comprehensive new upgrade path. AutoCAD 2011 is available for Windows and Mac.
Autodesk AutoCAD 2008 R2
AutoCAD 2008 R2 is a major release of AutoCAD, and the first version to be based on AutoCAD 2007. It is a free upgrade for owners of AutoCAD 2007. AutoCAD 2008 is available for Windows and Mac.
Autodesk AutoCAD 2007
AutoCAD 2007 is the latest major
User-defined script and macro language AutoLISP was the first scripting language for AutoCAD Activation Code. It supports an embedding of code into the user interface and offers the ability to automate common drawing operations. Visual LISP was introduced with AutoCAD 2000. It is based on AutoLISP. Visual LISP was discontinued in AutoCAD 2011, but replaced by VBA in AutoCAD 2012. VBA introduced classes. Classes are a way of grouping related data and functions together. Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is a Microsoft Component that supports standard code modules in addition to Visual Basic for Applications (VBA).
Customized menus and toolbars are a way of adding functionality to the drawing program without having to develop a whole new application. Also called “plugin” or “plug-in”, it is available for all CAD programs. This customization is done in a “plug-in” (.dll file) which can be replaced by a user or a developer as needed.
ObjectARX library ObjectARX is a standard way of automating AutoCAD tasks in C++ and is distributed with AutoCAD as part of the product. It is available in multiple languages:
AutoCAD C++ COM library: Contains a C++ COM library which allows a developer to create custom objects and plug-ins to run in AutoCAD.
Java: Java class library for automating AutoCAD tasks.
IronPython: A Python scripting library for automating AutoCAD tasks.
C#: A.NET scripting library for automating AutoCAD tasks.
Visual Basic: Visual Basic application programming language for automating AutoCAD tasks.
ObjectARX Framework: A set of C++ COM libraries for automating AutoCAD tasks.
AutoLISP: AutoLISP scripting language for automating AutoCAD tasks.
PYLCAD (Python Library for CAD): PYLCAD is a Python programming library for automating AutoCAD tasks. It is an extension of ObjectARX.
Autodesk Exchange Apps
Some AutoCAD plugins are distributed as Autodesk Exchange Apps. AutoCAD Exchange Apps are only compatible with AutoCAD 2017 and above.
Authorization in AutoCAD involves giving design authority to specific users (e.g., contractors) to edit a drawing. This authorization can be set up through the command line or GUI. To set up authorization, the user must
To activate Autodesk BIM 360 go to file>options. When you see “BIM 360” select
the name, then check the box and click on OK.
With Autodesk BIM 360 activated, go to “Projects” > “Create New Project”. Select “BIM 360 – DIM” in the dropdown menu and click on “Create Project”.
From the directory where you have downloaded the BIM 360 keygen, open up your BIM 360 folder. Inside the “BIM 360” folder, you will see “connect_dataset_offline.exe”. Click on the file and run it. You will be presented with a.dwg file.
Optionally you can go to the folder where you downloaded your BIM 360 software and open the BIM 360 folder. Within that, you will see the directory “BIM360”. Open up the BIM360 folder and click on “connect_dataset_offline.exe”. You will then have to manually connect the file from the BIM 360 file to the.dwg file you created.
How to get the middle element of a list with a given index
I have a list
lst = [1,2,3,4,5]
now if I want to get the middle element, with Python,
How to do it?
I have written a code, but I am looking for a shorter way
if index % 2 == 0:
elif index % 2 == 1:
You could use:
[lst[middle_index – 1] for middle_index in range(middle_index + 1, len(lst) // 2 + 1)]
For python3+, you can use from random import randrange
Try this code:
lst = [1,2,3,4,5]
middle = randrange(0, len(lst) – 1)
The US is to increase the amount of gold that can be
The new Markup assist feature features the Markup Converter, which can import any type of markup, convert it to the desired CAD format and export it to any type of CAD application. In addition to standard text-based markup, the new Markup Assist feature can import and convert binary (BMP) and PDF files into AutoCAD drawings, and supports markup in DOCX, XPS, TXT, and RTF formats. (video: 1:20 min.)
Import symbols, add callouts, arrows and lines, and annotate your drawings with text, shapes, and symbols. Supports import of DXF and DWG, DWF, GIF, JPG, PNG, TIFF, PSD, SVG and PDF files. (video: 2:00 min.)
The Import Annotations feature allows you to quickly add symbols and lines to your drawings and add callouts to 3D models. Create callouts using images or text, and quickly move them into your drawing or model, or attach them to annotations, parts, and other symbols. The new dialog box provides quick, easy, and convenient navigation with minimal clicks. This new feature requires the AutoCAD 2016.1 or later release. (video: 2:15 min.)
In addition, the new Print Preview dialog box provides easy access to basic printing functions and the ability to select pages or tabs, turn on page background colors, and page orientation. (video: 2:35 min.)
Revamped Team View:
Creates a detailed and cohesive team view that clearly shows how elements are connected. Use Team View to automatically rearrange connected elements based on their relationship, making it easier to work in the most appropriate order. (video: 2:45 min.)
Created a more logical, consistent order for the sidebars and ribbon commands in Team View. Sidebars are displayed in the proper order, and new ribbon buttons appear in the correct order. (video: 2:45 min.)
See all the related objects when working with select or intersect. You can view objects that are “connected” to other objects in a drawing. The Connected View tab shows an overview of all the elements connected to the selected object. This feature is based on the new Autoconnect technology. (video: 3:45 min.)
Use Drafting Views to keep an eye on your selected objects while viewing other drawings. You can specify whether a drawing is a
Intel Core2 Duo CPU or equivalent
Windows 7 64-bit or Windows 8/8.1 64-bit
Graphics card with WDDM 2.0 driver or equivalent
OpenGL 2.0 graphics card, at least 512 MB of RAM, and at least 1 GB of free disk space
Microsoft DirectX9.0 or newer
The game requires 4 GB of memory, and a modern graphics card. If you do not meet these requirements, the game will not be able